Charlie Kufs has been crunching numbers for over thirty years. He retired in 2019 and is currently working on Stats with Kittens, the prequel to Stats with Cats.

## The Most Important Statistical Assumptions

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## The Kibble Buffet Experiment

My three indoor cats are all seniors now, so I’m even more concerned that they have a healthy diet. I feed them both wet and dry food. They share most of two cans of wet food per day and have … Continue reading

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## What to Look for in Data – Part 2

What to Look for in Data – Part 1 discusses how to explore data snapshots, population characteristics, and changes. Part 2 looks at how to explore patterns, trends, and anomalies. There are many different types of patterns, trends, and anomalies, … Continue reading

## WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN DATA – PART 1

Some activities are instinctive. A baby doesn’t need to be taught how to suckle. Most people can use an escalator, operate an elevator, and open a door instinctively. The same isn’t true of playing a guitar, driving a car, or … Continue reading

## DARE TO COMPARE – PART 4

Part 3 of Dare to Compare shows how one-population statistical tests are conducted. Part 4 extends these concepts to two-population tests. To review, this flowchart summarizes the the process of statistical testing. First, you PLAN the comparison by understanding the … Continue reading

## DARE TO COMPARE – PART 3

Parts 1 and 2 of Dare to Compare summarized fundamental topics about simple statistical comparisons. Part 3 shows how those concepts play a role in conducting statistical tests. The importance of these concept are highlighted in the following table. Test … Continue reading

## You Need Statistics to Make Wine

The American Statistical Association has identified 146 college majors that require statistics to complete a degree. You probably wouldn’t be surprised that statistics is required for degrees in mathematics, engineering, physics, astronomy, chemistry, meteorology, and even biology and geology. Most … Continue reading

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## Dare to Compare – Part 2

Part 1 of Dare to Compare summarized several fundamental topics about statistical comparisons. Statistical comparisons, or statistical tests as they are usually called, involve populations, groups of individuals or items having some fundamental commonalities. The members of a population also … Continue reading

## Dare to Compare – Part 1

In school, you probably had to line up by height now and then. That wasn’t too difficult. There weren’t too many individuals being lined up and they were all in the same place at the same time. An individual’s place … Continue reading