Author Archives: statswithcats

About statswithcats

Charlie Kufs has been crunching numbers for over thirty years. He retired in 2019 and is currently working on Stats with Kittens, the prequel to Stats with Cats.

WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN DATA – PART 1

Some activities are instinctive. A baby doesn’t need to be taught how to suckle. Most people can use an escalator, operate an elevator, and open a door instinctively. The same isn’t true of playing a guitar, driving a car, or … Continue reading

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DARE TO COMPARE – PART 4

Part 3 of Dare to Compare shows how one-population statistical tests are conducted. Part 4 extends these concepts to two-population tests. To review, this flowchart summarizes the the process of statistical testing. First, you PLAN the comparison by understanding the … Continue reading

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DARE TO COMPARE – PART 3

Parts 1 and 2 of Dare to Compare summarized fundamental topics about simple statistical comparisons. Part 3 shows how those concepts play a role in conducting statistical tests. The importance of these concept are highlighted in the following table. Test … Continue reading

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You Need Statistics to Make Wine

The American Statistical Association has identified 146 college majors that require statistics to complete a degree. You probably wouldn’t be surprised that statistics is required for degrees in mathematics, engineering, physics, astronomy, chemistry, meteorology, and even biology and geology. Most … Continue reading

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Dare to Compare – Part 2

Part 1 of Dare to Compare summarized several fundamental topics about statistical comparisons. Statistical comparisons, or statistical tests as they are usually called, involve populations, groups of individuals or items having some fundamental commonalities. The members of a population also … Continue reading

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Dare to Compare – Part 1

In school, you probably had to line up by height now and then. That wasn’t too difficult. There weren’t too many individuals being lined up and they were all in the same place at the same time. An individual’s place … Continue reading

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Catalog of Models

Whether you know it or not, you deal with models every day. Your weather forecast comes from a meteorological model, usually several. Mannequins are used to display how fashions may look on you. Blueprints are drawn models of objects or … Continue reading

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How to Describe Numbers

Say you wanted to describe someone you see on the street. You might characterize their sex, age, height, weight, build, complexion, face shape, hair, mouth and lips, eyes, nose, tattoos, scars, moles, and birthmarks. Then there’s clothing, behavior, and if … Continue reading

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Visualizations versus Infographics

Visualizations and infographics are both visual representations of data that are often confused. In fact, there is not a clear line of demarcation between the two. Both are informative. Both can be static or animated. Both require a knowledgeable person … Continue reading

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How to Analyze Text

Statisticians love to analyze numbers, but what do they do when what they want to explore is unformatted text? It happens all the time. The text may come from open-ended responses on surveys, social networking sites, email, online reviews, public … Continue reading

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