Tag Archives: causation

A Typology of Data Relationships

Nine patterns of three types of relationships that aren’t spurious. When analysts see a large correlation coefficient, they begin speculating about possible reasons. They’ll naturally gravitate toward their initial hypothesis (or preconceived notion) which set them to investigate the data relationship … Continue reading

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How to Tell if Correlation Implies Causation

You’ve probably heard the admonition: Correlation Does Not Imply Causation. Everyone agrees that correlation is not the same as causation. However, those two words — correlation and causation — have generated quite a bit of discussion. Why Causality Matters No … Continue reading

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Why You Don’t Always Get the Correlation You Expect

If you’ve ever taken a statistics class on correlation, you’ve probably come to expect that a large value for a correlation coefficient, either positive or negative, means that there is a noteworthy relationship between two phenomena. This is not always … Continue reading

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